Do you have persistent periodontitis? Your gums are excessively visible when you smile?
In the first case as in the second, the gingivectomy can be an interesting operation to improve the aesthetics of your smile or permanently cure a periodontal disease.
Like all surgical procedures, removing a portion of the gum may be a concern.
When is a gingivectomy used?
Gingivectomy is a very common procedure to remove gingival tissue when it is in excess. It is also distinguished from gingivoplasty which consists of reshaping the gum tissue without altering the height of the gums.
The removal of a portion of the gingiva is usually indicated in three main cases:
Gingivectomy can improve the aesthetics of the smile
- In the treatment of periodontal disease: especially when periodontal curettage did not give satisfactory results because it was impossible to clean the periodontal pockets thoroughly.
- To treat gingival hyperplasia: often caused by taking drugs against epilepsy and hypertension, this condition can affect or one of several teeth that can sometimes be completely covered by the gum.
- To correct a gum smile: when the upper gums are overly discovered.
The technique of gingivectomy
Before the procedure, the best dentist in Ashok Vihar will perform a thorough cleaning of the mouth to remove plaque and tartar and thus facilitate the operation. This is then performed under local anaesthesia of the gums.
There are two techniques for removing excess gum tissue:
- The technique called “external bevel”: possible only when the height of the attached gingiva is enough.
- The technique called “internal bevel”: indicated in the case of gingival hypertrophies in the presence of attached gingiva of low height.
The dentist usually performs this procedure with a scalpel but may also prefer electrosurgery or soft-tissue lasers.
The postoperative course of the gingivectomy
To avoid complications after the operation, it is extremely important to follow the advice given to you by your dentist in Ashok Vihar especially in the area of hygiene and diet.
Antiseptic mouthwashes are useful for healing.
After the operation, the dentist in Ashok Vihar will place a periodontal dressing on your gums to protect the wound. It will therefore be careful not to take off or move it avoiding hard or sticky foods and favouring a soft and warm diet.
You should also maintain an exemplary oral hygiene and can clean your teeth with a soft toothbrush being careful not to tear the dressing. Antiseptic mouthwashes can also help keep your mouth healthy and help heal.
If you follow these tips, your gums should return to normal in three to four weeks.